Wallis and Futuna

Wallis and Futuna

Introduction ::Wallis and Futuna


The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842, and took official control of them between 1886 and 1888. Notably, Wallis and Futuna was the only French colony to side with the Vichy regime during World War II, a phase that ended in May of 1942 with the arrival of 2,000 American troops. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory and officially assumed this status in July 1961.

Geography ::Wallis and Futuna


Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates:

13 18 S, 176 12 W


total: 142 sq km

country comparison to the world: 221

land: 142 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

Area - comparative:

1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km


129 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C


volcanic origin; low hills

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 765 m

Natural resources:


Land use:

arable land: 7.14%

permanent crops: 35.71%

other: 57.15% (2011)

Irrigated land:


Natural hazards:


Environment - current issues:

deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resources

Geography - note:

both island groups have fringing reefs

People and Society ::Wallis and Futuna


noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders

adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander

Ethnic groups:



Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)


Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%


15,507 (July 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 223

Age structure:

0-14 years: 24.1% (male 1,952/female 1,786)

15-24 years: 18.1% (male 1,468/female 1,338)

25-54 years: 40.3% (male 3,089/female 3,163)

55-64 years: 8.9% (male 711/female 674)

65 years and over: 8.6% (male 625/female 701) (2013 est.)

Median age:

total: 29.6 years

male: 28.7 years

female: 30.9 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.35% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 161

Birth rate:

13.74 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 146

Death rate:

4.84 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

Net migration rate:

-5.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population

country comparison to the world: 194

note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2013 est.)


urban population: 0% of total population (2008)

rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 4.55 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 187

male: 4.79 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 79.27 years

country comparison to the world: 44

male: 76.29 years

female: 82.4 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.77 children born/woman (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 163

Drinking water source:


rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population (2008 est.)

Sanitation facility access:


rural: 96% of population

total: 96% of population


rural: 4% of population

total: 4% of population (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:


HIV/AIDS - deaths:


Education expenditures:



definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 50%

male: 50%

female: 50% (1969 est.)

Government ::Wallis and Futuna

Country name:

conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands

conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna

local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna

local short form: Wallis et Futuna

Dependency status:

overseas territory of France

Government type:

parliamentary representive democratic French overseas collectivity


name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)

geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis


none (overseas territory of France)

National holiday:

Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)


4 October 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system:

French civil law


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Administrator Michel JEANJEAN (since 10 June 2010)

head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Vetelino NAU (since 4 April 2012)

cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly

(For more information visit the World Leaders website )

note: there are 3 traditional kings with limited powers

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly elected by the members of the assembly

Legislative branch:

unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 22 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2017)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PS 4, UMP 4, centrists, 3, other 9

note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel, located in Noumea, New Caledonia

judge selection and term of office: NA

subordinate courts: note: justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu

Political parties and leaders:

Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians)

Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG

Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP)

Socialist Party or PS

Taumu'a Lelei

Union Populaire Locale or UPL

Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF

Political pressure groups and leaders:


International organization participation:

PIF (observer), SPC, UPU

Diplomatic representation in the US:

none (overseas territory of France)

Diplomatic representation from the US:

none (overseas territory of France)

Flag description:

unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrant

note: the design is derived from an original red banner with a white cross pattee that was introduced in the 19th century by French missionaries; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbol(s):

red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field

National anthem:

note: as a territory of France, ""La Marseillaise"" is official (see France)

Economy ::Wallis and Futuna

Economy - overview:

The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with 80% of labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$60 million (2004 est.)

country comparison to the world: 223

GDP (official exchange rate):


GDP - real growth rate:


GDP - per capita (PPP):

$3,800 (2004 est.)

country comparison to the world: 169

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%

Agriculture - products:

coconuts, breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats; fish


copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber

Industrial production growth rate:


Labor force:

3,104 (2003)

country comparison to the world: 226

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 80%

industry: 4%

services: 16% (2001 est.)

Unemployment rate:

12.2% (2008)

country comparison to the world: 128

Population below poverty line:


Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%


revenues: $29,730

expenditures: $31,330 (2004)

Public debt:

5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

country comparison to the world: 151

note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

Fiscal year:

calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

2.8% (2005)

country comparison to the world: 83


$47,450 (2004)

country comparison to the world: 221

Exports - commodities:

copra, chemicals, construction materials


$61.17 million (2004)

country comparison to the world: 217

Imports - commodities:

chemicals, machinery, consumer goods

Debt - external:

$3.67 million (2004)

country comparison to the world: 199

Exchange rates:

Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -

90.01 (February 2012)

87.59 (2007)

Communications ::Wallis and Futuna

Telephone system:

international: country code - 681

Broadcast media:

the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which broadcasts to France's overseas departments and territories, is carried on the RFO Wallis and Fortuna TV and radio stations (2008)

Internet country code:


Internet hosts:

2,760 (2012)

country comparison to the world: 157

Internet users:

1,300 (2009)

country comparison to the world: 212

Transportation ::Wallis and Futuna


2 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 203

Airports - with paved runways:

total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)

Ports and terminals:

Leava, Mata-Utu

Military ::Wallis and Futuna

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 3,376

females age 16-49: 3,314 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 168

female: 139 (2010 est.)

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of France

Transnational Issues ::Wallis and Futuna

Disputes - international:


The World Factbook. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wallis and Futuna — [wô′lis] French overseas territory in the South Pacific, northeast of the Fiji Islands: it consists of two groups of islands (Wallis Islands and Futuna Islands): c. 106 sq mi (275 sq km); pop. 14,000 * * * Wallis and Futuna Introduction Wallis… …   Universalium

  • Wallis and Futuna — [wô′lis] French overseas territory in the South Pacific, northeast of the Fiji Islands: it consists of two groups of islands (Wallis Islands and Futuna Islands): c. 106 sq mi (275 sq km); pop. 14,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Wallis and Futuna — Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands Territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna/ Telituale o Uvea mo Futuna …   Wikipedia

  • Wallis and Futuna — noun An overseas territory of France in Oceania. Official name: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands …   Wiktionary

  • Futuna Island, Wallis and Futuna — Futuna is an island in the Pacific Ocean belonging to the French overseas collectivity ( collectivité d outre mer , or COM ) of Wallis and Futuna . It is one of the Hoorn Islands or Îles Horne, nearby Alofi being the other. They are both a… …   Wikipedia

  • Wallis and Futuna national football team — Infobox National football team Name = Wallis and Futuna Badge = Logo waf.png Nickname = Association = Wallis and Futuna Soccer Federation Coach = Most caps = Top scorer = FIFA Trigramme = WLF FIFA Rank = Elo Rank = 209 Home Stadium = Stade de… …   Wikipedia

  • Wallis and Futuna national rugby union team — The Wallis and Futuna national rugby union team represents Wallis and Futuna in rugby union. They have not yet qualified for the rugby world cup. Their first international was against Papua New Guinea, who beat them 54 5 in 1966. Wallis and… …   Wikipedia

  • Wallis and Futuna Islands — Island group, South Pacific Ocean. It is a self governing overseas territory (pop., 2000 est.: 15,283) of France; it includes Wallis Island (also known as Uvea), the Futuna Islands (Futuna and Alofi), and a number of islets. The administrative… …   Universalium

  • Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly election, 2007 — Territorial Assembly elections were held in Wallis and Futuna on 1 April 2007. [http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read id=31206] Of the twenty six lists contesting the election, twenty won one seat each in an election that has been described… …   Wikipedia

  • Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly election, 2002 — Legislative elections for the Territorial Assembly were held in Wallis and Futuna on 10 March 2002. The result was a victory for the coalition of Rally for the Republic and Voice of the Wallis and Futuna Peoples, which won 13 of the 20… …   Wikipedia

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